Loading Walmart Museum experience

Walmart’s original logo, in Frontier font, had a tilde, but most didn’t know what a tilde was. So the tilde became the squiggly.

Little Known Sparks

During Walmart's signature cheer, why do associates say, "Give me a squiggly"? 

Every Day Low Prices. It's how Walmart prices items it sells all over the world: low prices every day, on every product.

Little Known Sparks

What does EDLP mean?

Walmart's ISD is the company's computer support group. These associates design programs and make sure Walmart's systems run properly.

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What acronym does Walmart use for its Information Systems Division?

The Home Office, commonly referred to as HO and is Walmart's headquarters, there to support the company's stores all around the world.

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What acronym does Walmart use for its Home Office?

Walmart uses radio waves to track the items it sells. Radio-Frequency Identification, or RFID, sends information to associates, who use different kinds of handheld tools to read it.

Little Known Sparks

What does RFID stand for?

Items that Walmart sells are shipped from factories to DCs—Distribution Centers—in every country before being loaded onto trucks for delivery to stores.

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What does the common Walmart acronym DC refer to?

Sam was born in 1918 in Kingfisher, Oklahoma.

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In what year was Sam Walton born: 1912, 1918, or 1924?

In 1970, Walmart became a publicly traded company. The first stock sold at $16.50 per share.

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In what year did Walmart become a publicly traded company: ’70, ’80, or ’90?

Built in 1971, the Walmart Home Office today serves as the global corporate headquarters.

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In what year was Walmart’s Home Office built: ’69, ’70, or ’71?

Doug McMillon is Walmart's fifth and current CEO. He started with Walmart as an hourly summer associate in 1984.

Little Known Sparks

As what did Walmart employ Doug McMillon in 2014: Walmart’s CEO, CMO, or CFO?

In 1999, Walmart became the largest private employer in the world.

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When did Walmart become the largest private employer in the world: ’99, ’01, or ’05?

Walmart opened its first Neighborhood Market in 1998.

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When did Walmart open its first Neighborhood Market: ’90, ’98, or ’06?

Walmart and Sam's Club launched online stores in 1996.

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In 1996, Walmart and Sam’s Club launched which kind of stores?

In 1996, Walmart expanded into China.

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In what year did Walmart open its first store in China: ’92, ’94, or ’96?

In 1992, President George H. W. Bush honored Sam with the Medal of Freedom.

Little Known Sparks

Which U.S. president gave Sam the highest civilian honor?

In 1990, Walmart became the nation's largest retailer with annual sales of over $32 billion.

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When did Walmart become the nation’s largest retailer: ’90, ’95, or ’01?

In 1990, the Walmart Museum was opened in Bentonville, Arkansas, and was originally named the "Walmart Visitors Center."

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What did Walmart open in Bentonville, Arkansas, in 1990?

The first Walmart Supercenter opened in Washington, Missouri, in 1988.

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The first Walmart Supercenter opened in which Missouri city?

Sam danced the hula when Walmart reached its goal.

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What dance did Sam do on Wall Street when Walmart reached its profit goal in 1983?

The first Sam's Club opened in Midwest City, Oklahoma, in 1983.

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In which Oklahoma town was the first Sam's Club opened?

Sam visited a tennis ball factory in Korea, where the workers did a cheer together every morning.

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Where did Sam get the idea for the Walmart cheer?

The first Walmart opened on July 2, 1962, in Rogers, Arkansas.

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In what year was the first Walmart opened: ’60, ’61, or ’62?

1979. And why did he drive a pickup? As Sam said, "What am I supposed to haul my dogs around in, a Rolls-Royce?"

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What is the model year of Sam’s red and white Ford F-150: ’77, ’79, or ’81?

Ol' Roy. In 1983, Walmart created a private-label dog food named after him.

Little Known Sparks

What was the name of Sam’s favorite bird dog: Ol’ Boy, Ol’ Joy, or Ol’ Roy?

Sam opened Walton's 5&10 in Bentonville in 1950.

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In 1950, Sam opened what store in Bentonville, Arkansas?

Sam opened his first Ben Franklin store in Newport, Arkansas.

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In 1945, Sam opened his first Ben Franklin store in which Arkansas town?

In 1942, Sam and Helen were married on Valentine's Day.

Little Known Sparks

On which holiday were Sam and Helen married: Christmas, New Year's Eve, or Valentine's Day?

At 13 years old, Sam became the youngest Eagle Scout in the state's history when he received the award for saving a boy from drowning.

Little Known Sparks

How old was Sam Walton when he became an Eagle Scout: 13, 14, or 15?

Beginnings

Get a glimpse of Sam, Helen, and Bud's early lives. Growing up, they learned to always value hard-work and service to those around them. See the beginning of the journey that lead to the birth of the very first Walmart.

Business

Focus in on Walmart's business side. See Sam's office, study the history of the company's growth, and how the basic beliefs guided it from the early days to today. From the beginning, Sam "swam upstream" to grow his 5&10 into a publicly traded company with an international presence.

Culture

Sam was a merchant at heart and ran his business with passion for his associates. This passion helped him build a strong culture within Walmart that valued work-life balance, recreation, innovation, and community involvement. To this day, those values are reflected in the Walmart cheer, shareholders' meetings, and so many other ways.

Community

Sam and Helen actively participated in the communities they served. This included scholarships, investments, volunteerism, and partnering with organizations that shared their vision. Through these activities, the Waltons and Walmart created a legacy of enriching the world around them.

A Spark Ignited: Sam Walton's American Dream

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1940s A New Generation

During World War II, Americans set aside their personal plans and answered the call to serve their country. When the war was over, military men and women returned to civilian life eager to resume peacetime living. In the postwar years, Americans enjoyed a thriving economy, new home appliances, stylish fashions, and more leisure. It was a time to marry and raise a new generation: the babyboomers. Helen and Sam moved to Newport, Arkansas, opened their first Ben Franklin variety store, and started their own family.

1940

Explore the early years of Sam Walton

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1940

Sam Walton graduates from the University of Missouri with a B.A. in economics.

1940

Sam Walton begins his career in Des Moines, Iowa, as a management trainee with the J.C. Penney Company.

Sam Walton's Office

Launch 360 Experience
1942

During World War II, Sam Walton enlists and serves for three years in the Army Intelligence Corps. 

1942

Walmart co-founder Bud Walton (Sam's brother) serves as a Navy pilot during World War II on the aircraft carrier USS Manila Bay in the South Pacific.

1943

Family Partnership

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1943

Sam Walton and Helen Robson are married on Valentine's Day.

1945

After leaving the Army, Sam Walton opens his first retail store at the age of 27, a Ben Franklin variety store in Newport, Arkansas.

1947

Bud Walton opens a Ben Franklin variety store in Versailles, Missouri.

1949

By 1949, Sam and Helen have four children: Jim, Rob, John, and Alice.

1949

The Newport store is a huge success and soon becomes the top Ben Franklin franchise in Arkansas. But the building’s owner will not renew Sam’s lease. The Walton family must search for a new location.

By the Numbers

By the end of the 1940s, Sam Walton has just one Ben Franklin variety store, in Newport, Arkansas, doing $250,000 in annual sales.

1950s Boom Times

The Korean War and then the Cold War dominate national policy, but prosperity is the theme of the decade. President Eisenhower calls for construction of the Interstate Highway System, which would span the continent from east to west and create new opportunities for roadside businesses. Americans acquire cars and televisions in record numbers, and watch I Love Lucy, the Ed Sullivan Show, Jack Benny, and others. Sam opens his Walton’s 5&10 in Bentonville, Arkansas, and begins again to build his retail company.

1950

Starting on a Dime

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1950

16-year-old Troy Almand was Walton 5&10’s first male clerk. During the spring of 1950, he helped the Walton family stock shelves and set the store for its grand opening.

1950

Sam and Helen Walton and their children move to Bentonville, Arkansas. Sam opens Walton's 5&10, a Ben Franklin franchise, on May 9.

1951

After extensive remodeling, Walton’s 5&10 has its official grand reopening on March 15. During its first year of operation, the store has sales of $75,000.

1952

Sam Walton opens a second variety store, in Fayetteville, Arkansas. Willard Walker joins the company to manage the store.

Walton Store Floor Tiles

Our earliest example of Every Day Low Cost (EDLC). Sam saved when he accepted a slightly mismatched batch of tiles at a lower cost.

1953

Sam buys his first plane, an Ercoupe Model 415-C.

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1954

Sam and Bud Walton open a Ben Franklin variety store in Ruskin Heights, a subdivision in Kansas City, Missouri.

1955

Bob Bogle is hired as the first manager of Walton's 5&10 in Bentonville, freeing Sam to focus on expansion.

1955

Charlie Baum joins the company, taking over Willard Walker's role as manager of the Fayetteville store.

1957

The Ben Franklin store in Ruskin Heights is leveled by a tornado.

By the Numbers

By the end of the 1950s, Sam Walton has eight Ben Franklin stores, ringing up approximately $1.4 million in annual sales.

1960s Retail Revolution

The turbulent sixties are famous for rock-and-roll, civil unrest, and revolutionary ideas. It’s also a time when retailers see the enormous potential of large self-service discount stores. Sam opens his first Walmart in 1962. By the end of the decade, he has a chain of 18 Walmart stores in Arkansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma. And he plans to expand. His strategy for growth is built on an unshakeable foundation: the lowest prices anytime, anywhere.

1960

Walmart is Born

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1962–1964

Walmart launched without a true logo. In fact, for the first two years, when the Walmart name appeared in print, the font and style were chosen at the whim of the printer.

1962

On July 2, Sam Walton opens his first Walmart in Rogers, Arkansas. Don Whitaker is brought in to manage. Bob Bogle coins the name Walmart for the new store.

Coping with the Great Outdoors

From insect killer to Coleman lanterns, here are some of the typical products sold at Sam and Bud’s growing chain of Ben Franklin stores and Walton’s Family Centers.

1964

The Waltons open two more Walmart stores in Arkansas: one in Harrison (shown), the other in Springdale.

1964–1981

In 1964, Walmart selected a logo font. This "Frontier Font Logo" was the first official and first consistently used logo in Walmart's history.

1965

A fourth Walmart opens in Siloam Springs, Arkansas.

1966

By this time, Sam Walton also owns 16 Ben Franklin stores, more than any other retailer in the United States.

1966

Ferold Arend joins Sam as vice president of operations for Ben Franklin stores in 1966. Ferold was successful and, the next year, headed operations for both Walmart and the Walton's Ben Franklin stores.

Three Nebraska Boys

Ferold Arend joined the company after Gary Reinboth recommended him to Sam. Ferold later brought another Nebraska native into the fold: Bob Thompson, who ran the first Walmart distribution center. 

1966

A fifth Walmart is opened, in Conway, Arkansas, and a sixth in Fayetteville, Arkansas.

1967

A seventh Walmart opens in North Little Rock, Arkansas. The Waltons now own 24 stores. Together, they are ringing up $12.6 million in sales.

Keeping House

The Waltons made sure that brand-name products needed for everyday chores were available to their rural customers at unbeatable prices.

1968

Swimming Upstream

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1968

A record number of Walmarts – six – are opened in a single year, in Morrilton and Mountain Home, Arkansas; Tahlequah and Claremore, Oklahoma; and Sikeston and Carthage, Missouri.

1968

In June, Sam Walton attends an IBM class for executives, which lays the foundation for a partnership between Walmart and IBM. Sam hires talented IBMers to develop Walmart's computing infrastructure. 

1968

Sam and Bud Walton establish Walmart Aviation, hiring pilots to fly them to their growing network of stores. John Walton is their first pilot.

1969

Five more Walmarts open in Arkansas and Missouri, including a 30,000-square-foot Walmart in Newport, Arkansas, the town Sam Walton was forced to leave in 1949 when his landlord would not renew his lease.

1969

The company officially incorporates as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., on October 31.

By the Numbers

In 1969, Sam and Bud Walton close the decade with 18 Walmarts and 17 Ben Franklin stores. They employ 900 associates and have locations in four states. Annual sales reach $30.8 million.

1969

Five more Walmarts open in Arkansas and Missouri, including a 30,000-square-foot Walmart in Newport, Arkansas, the town Sam Walton was forced to leave in 1949 when his landlord would not renew his lease.

1969

The installation of an IBM System/360 Model 20 allows Walmart to receive a daily sales report from each store, ensuring that the right items are available to customers.

1969

For the first time, company associates are paid through a centralized, computerized payroll system rather than with traditional checks from each store.

1960s

Grand opening of a new Walmart.

1960s

A Walmart grand-opening sale.

1970s Walmart Goes National

In the 1970s, a decade of incredible growth, “Mr. Sam” begins to take Walmart national, proving his vision’s widespread appeal. Walmart expands its selection of products for its growing family of loyal customers. Pharmacy. Car care. Jewelry. In the seventies, the first Walmart distribution center opens and so does the Home Office, both in Bentonville, Arkansas. And in 1979, Walmart became the first company to reach $1 billion in sales in such a short time.

1970

Taking the Company Public

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1970

Walmart becomes a publicly held company. First offered at $15, shares sell at $16.50 each.

1970

Walmart's first distribution center and Home Office open in Bentonville, Arkansas.

1970

The company has 1,500 associates working in 38 stores in five states: Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, and Oklahoma. Annual sales hit $44.2 million.

1971

The hourly associate profit-sharing plan is introduced.

1971

In May, Walmart stock experiences its first 100 percent split; it sells at a market price of $47.

1971

Walmart operates 51 stores, with annual sales of $78 million and 2,300 associates.

1971

Walmart World, Walmart’s associate magazine, is first published in February.

1972

Bob Thornton helped build the world-class Walmart distribution model that Walmart has today. Ferold Arend streamlined store operations, including merchandise accountability and personnel leadership.

1972

Walmart is listed on the New York Stock Exchange.

Taking Care of Families

From the very beginning, the basic essentials as well as small luxuries were offered at the lowest prices, helping families save money and live better.

1972

Walmart stock splits 100 percent for the second time, with a market price of $47.50 on the NYSE.

1972

Walmart data processing center.

1972

Walmart operates 64 stores, with sales of $124.9 million and 3,500 associates.

1973

Expansion continues into Tennessee.

1973

Walmart executives, from left: Bud Walton, Ferold Arend, and Sam Walton, 1973.

1974

Every Day Low Prices

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1974

As an outstanding store manager, Gary Reinboth trained Ron Loveless, who later became the first CEO of Sam's Club.

1974

In an effort to "level out sales curves and spread out increased efficiency," Walmart executive Jack Shewmaker champions Every Day Low Prices.

1974

As a key member of Walmart's senior leadership team, Ferold Arend is promoted to President and Chief Operating Officer in 1974.

1974

Walmart stores open in Kentucky and Mississippi; the 100th store opens in Bentonville.

1975

Forbes ranks Walmart number one among general retailers.

1975

Inspired by workers he saw during a visit to Korea, Sam introduces the famous Walmart cheer.

1970s

Sam's Letters

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1975

Walmart leases an IBM System/370 Model 135 to track stock-keeping units (SKUs) in its distribution centers. It is one of the first computers to use “virtual memory.”

1975

Electronic cash registers in more than 100 Walmart stores record point-of-sale (POS) data to maintain inventory.

1975

Walmart goes to Texas.

1975

Over 7,500 associates work in 125 stores, with annual sales of $340.3 million.

1976

David Glass joins the company as executive vice president of finance.

1977

David Glass, Bud Walton, Sam Walton, Ferold Arend, and Jack Shewmaker

1977

Walmart builds a company-wide computer network and deploys a system for ordering merchandise from suppliers. The network helps Walmart achieve the secret to its success: Every Day Low Prices.

1977

Walmart makes its first acquisition: 16 Mohr Value stores in Missouri and Illinois.

1977

Sam in his Bentonville office.

1978

Sam with customer.

1978

Walmart buys the Hutcheson Shoe Company.

1978

Pharmacies, auto-service centers, and jewelry divisions are introduced in Walmart stores.

1978

In August, Jack Shewmaker becomes president and chief operating officer of Wal-mart Stores, Inc.

1979

A Billion Dollar Company

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1979

The Walmart Foundation is established; its first trustees are Sam Walton, David Glass, and Jack Shewmaker.

1979

Corporate Giving: The Walmart Foundation

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1979

Rob Walton at Store #281 in Heber Springs, Arkansas.

Our People Make the Difference

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1979

Because of rapid growth in its computing power, the company builds a 16,000-square-foot data-processing facility to house the latest technology, and it installs the first terminal in a store: an IBM 3774.

1979

Walmart expands into Alabama.

1979

Sam and Helen.

Sam's Truck

It was a tool to get from one place to another, usually with his dogs. Sam didn't choose a vehicle for flash, but practicality.

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1979

Walmart is the first company to reach $1 billion in annual sales in such a short period.

By the Numbers

By the end of the 1970s, annual sales reach $1.24 billion. Walmart has more than 21,000 associates and 276 stores.

1979

David Glass at the year-end meeting at the Tan-Tar-A Resort, in Missouri.

1979

The Walmart Aviation Maintenance Department is established to work on the Walmart fleet.

1979

Walmart's 21,000 associates are working at 276 stores with $1.2 billion in annual sales.

1980s A Decade of Firsts

In the 1980s, the company reaches several major milestones: the first Sam’s Club opens, serving small businesses and individuals alike; the first Supercenter opens, in Washington, Missouri; and the company’s strategy of Every Day Low Prices thrives. Other innovations include barcode scanning and the Walmart Satellite Network, which links the Home Office with all operating units. In 1987, Walmart celebrates its 25th anniversary, and in the following year David Glass becomes chief executive officer.

1980

Grand opening of store #315 in Oneonta, Alabama.

1980

Grand opening of store #296 in Dardanelle, Arkansas.

1980

Don Soderquist joins Walmart as executive vice president.

1981

The Sam Walton Community Scholarship fund awards its first 10 scholarships. This is just the beginning of a program that would award over $80 million in scholarships by 2010.

Ol' Roy Dog Food

Ol’ Roy was Mr. Sam’s favorite hunting dog. When the English Setter died in 1981, Sam honored his old friend by placing his name and likeness on Walmart’s dog-food brand. Today, Ol’ Roy is the world’s leading pet food.

1981–1992

After nearly 20 years, Walmart dropped the frontier feel of the logo and introduced a fresh new look.

1981

Stores open in Georgia and South Carolina.

1981

Sam and Helen during a Shareholders' float trip.

1981

Walmart acquires 92 Kuhn's Big K stores.

1981

The company's 510,000-square-foot distribution center, the largest yet, opens in Palestine, Texas.

1981

In October, the company opens its first photo-processing plant in Terrell, Texas.

1981

There are approximately 41,000 associates in 491 stores. Annual sales reach $2.4 billion.

1982

When Ferold Arend began working for Sam Walton in 1966, only a handful of Walmart stores existed. When he retired in 1982, there were more than 500 stores spread throughout 14 states. Ferold's operational leadership and keen sense of organization were key to expansion.

From Ferold Arend's Desk

Ferold Arend's pen and calendar desk set, as well as a pair of his glasses, are now part of the Walmart Heritage Archives in Bentonville, Arkansas. 

1982

Stores open in Florida and Nebraska.

1982

Walmart's 20th anniversary marks $3.4 billion in annual sales.

1983

The first Sam's Club opens in Midwest City, Oklahoma.

1983

Ron Loveless becomes the first general manager of Sam's Club.

1983

New stores open in Indiana, Iowa, New Mexico, and North Carolina.

1983

People greeters make their first appearance at the front doors of Walmart stores.

1983

Sam's Rules for Building a Business

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1983

Walmart's first in-store, one-hour photo lab opens in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

1983

Walmart acquires U.S. Woolco Stores.

1983

Bentonville holds an Appreciation Day celebration for Sam and Helen Walton.

1983

Walmart earns $4.7 billion in annual sales; it has 62,000 associates.

1983

Walmart begins using Universal Product Codes (UPC, or barcodes) at its checkout registers. The barcodes allow Walmart to make sure products stay in stock.

1983

Walmart replaces its old cash registers with a computerized point-of-sale (POS) system that allows customers to check out quickly and accurately.

1984

David Glass is named company president.

1984

Sam Walton keeps his promise to dance the hula on Wall Street if the company achieves a pretax annual profit of 8 percent.

1984

Walmart expands into Virginia.

1984

The first of three Helen's Arts and Crafts stores opens in Springfield, Missouri.

1984

Store associates start using Texlon handheld terminals when reordering merchandise. Upon scanning a shelf label, the unit provides a description of the merchandise, information on previous quantities ordered, and other data.

1984

Annual sales reach $6.4 billion.

1984

A Human Resources System is implemented to help each associate develop his or her potential and to provide a current profile.

1984

Ferold retires and is widely known for his philanthropic generosity as the founding donor of the Arend Arts Center in Bentonville, Arkansas.

1984

Walmart's Data Communications Department establishes a 24-hour help desk.

1985

Walmart stock splits 100 percent for the seventh time; shares sell at $49.75.

1985

Touchstones of Walmart Culture

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1985

Sam Walton is named the richest man in America by Forbes.

Associate Pins

Launch 360 Experience

The barber chairs in which Sam and Bud Walton would get their hair cut for $5.

1985

Walmart buys Grand Central Shoes.

1985

The "Buy American" program is introduced.

1985

The Walton Institute is founded to educate Walmart store managers. Its mission continues today to help leaders in all parts of the company understand, navigate, and perpetuate Walmart culture.

1985

More than 104,000 associates are working in 882 stores, with sales of $8.4 billion.

1985

Expansion continues into Wisconsin and Colorado.

1985

Executive Bob Hart at a Walmart Holiday meeting.

1986

Walmart opens stores in Minnesota.

1986

Beaver Lake Aviation FBO (Fixed Base Operator) becomes a wholly owned subsidiary of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.

1986

Annual sales reach $11.9 billion.

1987

Walmart celebrates its 25th anniversary.

1987

Walmart begins a relationship with the Children’s Miracle Network; associates raise hundreds of millions of dollars for Network hospitals.

1987

The company completes the Walmart Satellite Network. The largest private satellite communication system in the United States, it links all the company's operating units and the Home Office with two-way voice, data, and one-way video communication.

Walmart's 25th Anniversary

To commemorate this important milestone in 1987, Coca-Cola issued a special celebratory label, and Mattel made a limited edition of a “Pink Jubilee Barbie” doll.

1987

In December, the first Walmart Hypermart U.S.A. opens its doors in Garland, Texas; the second Hypermart opens a month later.

1987

In December, the first Walmart Hypermart U.S.A. opens its doors in Garland, Texas; the second Hypermart opens a month later.

1987

Walmart's "store-within-a-store" tool is successfully implemented.

1987

Walmart has 1,198 stores in 23 states with 200,000 associates, and $15.9 billion in sales.

1988

By the end of the year, 90 percent of Walmart stores have barcode-scanning capabilities.

1988

Carolyn "Boo" Randolph, as Shirley Shrinkage, at a shareholders' meeting.

1988

The first Supercenter opens in Washington, Missouri.

Brands and Acquisition

The company continued to expand its product lines by packaging its own brands and acquiring new stores, including the Mohr Value chain and the Hutcheson Shoe Company.

1988

The first Supercenter opens in Washington, Missouri.

1988

Walmart buys Super Saver stores.

1988

David Glass is named chief executive officer of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.

1988

Family Legacy: The Walton Family Foundation

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1988

Walmart now has 16 distribution centers up and running.

1988

There are 105 Sam's Clubs.

1988

The first 110,000-square-foot Walmart prototype opens in Gonzales, Louisiana.

1988

Annual sales reach $20.6 billion.

1988

Walmart changes its Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) from PCs to the IBM mainframe. The EDI system allows Walmart to process invoices from receipt to payment automatically and to speed the movement of goods from vendors to stores.

1989

With the addition of operations in Michigan, West Virginia, and Wyoming, Walmart now has 1,528 stores (including 123 Sam's Clubs and 3 Hypermarts).

1989

Sam and Alice Walton with Charles Cate in Conway, Arkansas.

By the Numbers

By 1989, Walmart has grown to 1,528 stores, including 123 Sam's Clubs. The company employs 275,000 associates. Annual sales increase to nearly $26 billion.

1990s America’s Top Retailer

Walmart comes to suburban America and beyond. By 1990, it is the nation’s number-one retailer. As the Walmart Supercenter redefines convenience and one-stop shopping, Every Day Low Prices go international. Argentina, China, Mexico, and others welcome Walmart, again confirming Sam’s vision. The decade sees the passing of Sam Walton in 1992, and of Bud Walton in 1995, brothers and co-founders of Walmart. But their legacy and the values they have instilled in the company live on and continue to define Walmart’s future.

1990

Walmart is now the nation's number-one retailer, with annual sales of $32.6 billion.

Bud's Warehouse Outlets

In the early 1990s, the company created a chain of more than 80 Bud’s Warehouse Outlets to sell refurbished name-brand appliances and furniture at deep discounts. The no-frills stores were usually in former Walmart or Sam’s Club buildings.

1990

New stores open in California, Nevada, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, and Utah.

1990

Walmart buys the McLane Company, a leader in worldwide logistics and distribution.

1990

The Walmart Visitor Center opens in Sam Walton's original 5&10, on the town square in downtown Bentonville, Arkansas.

1990

Bud's Warehouse, named for Bud Walton, opens as an outlet for close-outs and overstocked merchandise.

1990

Walmart buys its first Learjet, speeding visits between the Home Office and thousands of Walmart stores.

1990

Walmart Visitor Center, under construction.

1991

A Global Company

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1991

Through a joint venture with Cifra, a Mexican retail company, Walmart goes global and opens a Sam's Club in Mexico City.

1991

New stores open in the northeast and mid-Atlantic regions, including Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, and New York.

1991

Sam's American Choice brand products are introduced.

1991

Walmart buys Western Merchandisers, Inc., of Amarillo, Texas.

1991

Walmart introduces Rollback America, passing on savings from Walmart suppliers to customers.

1992

With the additions of Idaho, Montana, and Oregon, Walmart now has stores in 45 states.

1992

Expansion continues into Puerto Rico.

1992

Walmart deploys the Retail Link system to strengthen supplier partnerships. The system provides vendors with information on sales trends and inventory levels.

Made in America

In the last year of his life, while battling cancer, Sam Walton turned his attention to writing his story. Published in 1992, his book was an instant success. It was translated into numerous languages, and it circulated to readers around the world.

1992–2008

In 1992, Walmart replaced the hyphen with a star. This logo can still be seen on many of the North American storefronts as Walmart continues to transition hundreds of stores to the newest logo.

1992

Medal of Freedom recipients normally travel to Washington, D.C. to receive the award. Sam opted to have the ceremony in Bentonville so he could share the moment with the town and people that he loved.

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1992

President George H. W. Bush presents Sam with the Medal of Freedom. During his acceptance speech, Sam articulates the company's purpose of saving people money so they can live better. Sam calls the award "the highlight of our entire career."

1992

George H.W. Bush’s full speech honoring Sam with the Medal of Freedom.

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1992

A Time to Remember

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1992

On April 5, Sam Walton passes away at 74. Thousands mourn Mr. Sam's passing, yet his memory and ideals live on as inspiration to all.

1992

Rob Walton becomes Walmart's chairman of the board. 

1993

Walmart acquires 109 Pace Warehouse Clubs.

1993

Expansion continues into Alaska, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Washington; Walmart now has stores in 49 states.

1993

Walmart celebrates its first $1 billion sales week.

1993

The Walmart International Division is created to improve the company's ability to expand overseas.

1993

A prototype store designed to be environmentally friendly opens in Lawrence, Kansas.

1994

Walmart buys 122 Woolco stores in Canada.

1994

The Code Adam missing-child program is implemented at all Walmart stores and Sam’s Clubs. It is named in memory of Adam Walsh, who was abducted from a Florida shopping mall in 1981.

1995

Walmart Argentina starts its operations in 1995. The first supercenter is built in Avellaneda, Province of Buenos Aires.

1995

Walmart Brazil begins its operations in 1995 with two supercenters and three Sam's Clubs in the state of Sao Paulo.

1995

Walmart’s co-founder, James Lawrence “Bud” Walton (Sam Walton’s brother), passes away.

1995

The Volunteerism Always Pays (VAP) program begins. When Walmart associates do volunteer work, Walmart matches their efforts with a contribution to the charity of their choice. By 2008, Walmart volunteer service hours exceed 1 million.

1995

Bentonville Home Office sign with a vintage 1990s company logo.

1995

With the addition of Vermont, Walmart has stores in all 50 states.

1995

At year's end, Walmart has 1,995 stores, 239 Supercenters, 433 Sam's Clubs, and 276 international stores, with annual sales of $93.6 billion. Walmart is 675,000 associates strong.

1996

Walmart opens its first stores in China.

1996

The Missing Children's Network is implemented; information about missing children is posted in all Walmart stores.

1996

Walmart makes Retail Link and Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) available via the Internet and begins using the Internet as an application platform.

1996

Walmart and Sam's Club launch online stores.

1996

Brazil associates at a grand opening.

1997

Walmart is now the largest private employer in the United States, with 720,000 associates, plus 105,000 international associates.

1997

In Mexico, Walmart acquires the majority stake in Cifra.

1997

Walmart replaces Woolworth on the Dow Jones Industrial Average.

1997

The company celebrates its first $100 billion sales year. Walmart serves 90 million customers per week worldwide.

1998

The company exceeds $100 million in annual charitable contributions.

1998

The Neighborhood Market concept is introduced with three stores in Arkansas. Neighborhood Markets are smaller than Supercenters and offer a quick and convenient shopping experience.

1998

Global expansion continues as Walmart enters Germany and South Korea.

1998

Grand-opening day at a Sam's Club in Mexico.

1999

Walmart is now the largest private employer in the world, with a total of 1,140,000 associates.

1999

Hank Kaminsky, regionally known and celebrated sculptor, created three busts of Sam. One is at Walmart's Home Office, another is at the Sam Walton School of Business, and this one is displayed at The Walmart Museum. www.HankKaminsky.com

1999

The global biweekly newspaper Mass Market Retailers names Walmart Retailer of the Century.

1999

The 1999 Cone/Roper Report, an annual national survey of philanthropy and corporate citizenship, ranks Walmart America's number-one Corporate Citizen. 

By the Numbers

Walmart closes the 1990s with 3,996 stores, including 463 Sam's Clubs and 1,004 international stores. There are 1.14 million associates. The company's annual sales reach $165 billion.

1999

Walmart acquires the chain ASDA (originally Associated Dairies and Farm Stores, Ltd.) in the United Kingdom.

2000s New Millennium

Walmart enters the new millennium by expanding the scope of servant leadership—again. As the nation copes with wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, Walmart initiates programs to support our troops overseas and their families at home. And the company continues to grow. In shoppers’ minds, Walmart becomes the destination of choice for meeting everyday needs. Walmart.com takes its place as one of the Web’s most visited sites. The Site-to-Store program, which allows customers to have their online purchases shipped to any Walmart store in the contiguous United States, completes the multi-channel experience.

2000

H. Lee Scott becomes the next CEO of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.

2001

Walmart establishes the Associate in Critical Need Trust (ACNT) to help associates who are experiencing financial hardship.

2001

After the tragic events of 9/11, Walmart's Together We Stand effort provides more than $15 million to relief organizations.

2001

Hispanic Business magazine places Walmart in its Top 25 Diversity Recruitment Programs category for the company’s sterling record of hiring and promoting Latinos.

2001

Walmart's 1,000th Supercenter opens in St. Robert, Missouri.

2001

Walmart Aviation adds a Global Express jet to its fleet, which enhances its international travel capabilities.

2002

Walmart is the first service company to take the number-one spot on the Fortune 500 ranking of America’s largest companies.

2002

Walmart receives the 2002 Ron Brown Award, recognizing outstanding achievement in employee relations and community initiatives.

2002

Walmart begins to exchange data over the Internet with thousands of its global suppliers.

2002

Operations in Japan begin with an investment in Seiyu. Walmart increases its investment in December to become the majority owner.

2003

Fortune magazine ranks Walmart number one on its Most Admired Companies list.

2003

Walmart Mexico Foundation is established.

2003

Walmart builds a second data center in Missouri, ensuring system redundancy and server availability in the event of a disaster.

2003

Walmart acquires 31 Supermercados Amigo in Puerto Rico.

2004

Walmart expands in northern Brazil with the purchase of 118 Bompreço stores.

2004

Walmart and its customers contribute $14.5 million to help build the National World War II Memorial in Washington, D.C.

2004

The first ASDA Living Store opens in Walsall, West Midlands, UK.

2004

Walmart receives American Veteran magazine's Corporate Patriotism Award, which recognizes the company's significant philanthropic support of U.S. military service members and their families.

2004

Walmart tests Radio Frequency Identification (RFID). RFID is added to Universal Product Code (UPC) barcodes for product identification and tracking.

2005

Walmart contributes $18 million and 2,450 truckloads of supplies to victims of hurricanes Katrina and Rita.

2005

Walmart's sustainability commitment intensifies after the company leads the nationwide corporate drive to assist with hurricane relief efforts.

2005

Walmart launches Acres for America, which conserves critical wildlife habitats.

Smart Shopper

Reusable tote bags are just one way to reduce waste. Each Walmart reusable shopping bag, made of recycled plastic bottles, keeps three to four plastic bags out of a landfill.

2005

In an enthusiastically received speech, Walmart's CEO, Lee Scott, announces the company's sustainability goals: create zero waste, use only renewable energy, and sell products that sustain the environment.

2005

Walmart Brazil Foundation is established.

2005

Walmart joins with Unilever in introducing super-concentrated liquid laundry soap in small containers, saving 65 million pounds of plastic and cardboard packaging material and 140 million gallons of water every year. 

2005

In one year, the U.S. Walmart aviation fleet flies a record 8,194 flight legs. Destinations include Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Mexico, Puerto Rico, South Korea, and the UK.

2005

Walmart acquires 140 Sonae stores in the south of Brazil.

2005

Walmart purchases an interest in Central American Retail Holding Company (CARHCO). The company now operates stores in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua.

2005

ASDA enters the Northern Ireland market.

2005

The company has more than 1.6 million associates working in 6,141 facilities around the world and serving more than 138 million worldwide customers a week.

2006

Walmart introduces its $4 generic-drug prescription program, which changes the face of pharmaceutical retailing and makes health care more affordable and accessible.

2006

Through the Walmart Foundation, Walmart, its customers, and associates contribute more than $415 million in cash and make in-kind donations to more than 100,000 organizations around the world.

2006

Walmart receives the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation Gaye Cypert Power of a Promise Award for supporting breast-cancer research.

Recycling efforts save Walmart millions of dollars, promote environmental sustainability and advance goals to create zero waste.

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2006

In an ambitious campaign, Walmart sells over 137 million compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs), which use 75 percent less energy than incandescents.

2006

Walmart becomes the majority shareholder in CARHCO and renames the company Walmart Central America.

2006

Operations close in South Korea and Germany.

2006

Walmart now serves more than 176 million customers each week at 6,779 locations around the world. Record-setting net sales reach $345 billion.

2007

Walmart receives the Evangeline Booth Award for Excellence in Corporate Philanthropy, the Fisher House Patriot Award, and the Boys & Girls Club Chairman's Award.

2007

Helen Walton, matriarch of the Walmart family and the "first lady of Walmart," passes away on April 19, 2007.

2007

Walmart expands its $4 generic-drug program, saving customers millions of dollars.

2007

Walmart purchases a 35-percent interest in Bounteous Company Ltd., which operates hypermarkets under the Trust-Mart banner in China.

2007

Walmart announces its entry into India.

2007

Walmart launches a solar-power pilot program in Walmart stores, Sam's Clubs, and distribution centers in Hawaii and California (22 locations in all).

2007

Walmart launches its Site to Store service, enabling online customers to pick up merchandise in stores.

2008

Lee Scott hosts Walmart's first China Sustainability Summit in Beijing, China.

2008

Mike Duke is appointed to succeed Lee Scott as CEO.

2008–Today

In 2008, Walmart underwent the most significant logo change to date, introducing a new font and the iconic spark.

2008

Walmart opens the first of four second-generation, high-efficiency prototype stores, which are estimated to use 25 percent less energy than the baseline Walmart Supercenter.

2008

Seiyu becomes a wholly owned Walmart subsidiary in June.

2008

Walmart commits to reducing its global plastic shopping-bag waste by an average of 33 percent per store by 2013.

2008

The new Walmart logo is launched. Walmart begins a major store-remodeling program, introducing a fresh, new branded look.

2008

Walmart Brazil and Conservation International sign an agreement to fund protection and sustainable management of more than a million acres of forest in the Brazilian Amazon.

2008

Walmart U.S. commits to purchasing enough renewable wind power in Texas to equal the annual electricity used by more than 20,000 average American homes.

2008

Walmart announces nearly $1 billion in bonuses for full- and part-time hourly workers and an additional $780 million in profit-sharing and 401(k) contributions.

2009

Walmart Transportation announces that it has surpassed its goal to improve fleet efficiency.

2009

Most associates aren't allowed to nap on the job, but Maverick was even provided a bed. This handsome and sociable safety dog was a favorite around the Home Office until he retired in 2010.

2009

Walmart announces it will test two new heavy-duty commercial hybrid truck models and two alternatively fueled heavy-duty trucks as part of the company’s efforts to build a more sustainable truck fleet.

2009

Walmart launches its Facebook page as it begins using social media to connect with customers around the globe. By 2016, over 32 million shoppers had signed up to follow Walmart's posts.

2009

The company announces plans to develop a worldwide sustainability index for every product Walmart sells, measuring water use, greenhouse-gas emissions, and fair-labor practices.

Waste Reduction

Walmart recycles broken, discarded hangers into new ones. In 2009, the partnership between Walmart/Wellmark/Technimark recycled more than 3 million pounds of plastic waste. The effort saves Walmart millions of dollars, promotes environmental sustainability, and advances the company's goal to create zero waste.

2009

Diversity MBA magazine ranks Walmart number two on its 2009 list of 50 Out Front Companies for Diversity Leadership: Best Places for Diverse Managers to Work.

2009

Walmart-owned Best Price Modern Wholesale, a cash-and-carry facility, opens in India.

2009

Walmart enters Chile with the acquisition of a majority stake in Distribución y Servicio D&S S.A.

2009

In December 2009, Walmart Mexico acquires Walmart's operations in Central America.

2009

Walmart completes the company's largest solar-power project at its distribution center in Apple Valley, California.

Today New Commitments

After hurricanes Katrina and Rita, Walmart leverages its resources to speed aid to the affected regions. The company also announces three environmental sustainability goals: create zero waste, use only renewable energy, and sell products that sustain the environment. Walmart begins a program to build stores that save energy, conserve natural resources, and reduce pollution. Walmart also launches a $4 generic-drug prescription program in its U.S. pharmacies. These new commitments extend the Walmart mission: to save people money so they can live better.

2010

Jack Shewmaker, champion for Every Day Low Prices and Walmart's adoption of new technologies, passes away.

2010

Walmart ranks number one on the Fortune 500 list for the fifth time since 2002.

2010

Feeding America magazine names Walmart and Sam’s Club Donor of the Year 2010. Walmart and Sam’s Club are the first Feeding America donors to give away more than 100 million pounds of food in one calendar year.

2010

Walmart commits $2 billion to help end hunger in the United States through its “Fighting Hunger Together” initiative.

2010

Walmart launches a global commitment to sustainable agriculture. The company helps small farmers to reduce the impact of farming on the environment and to expand their businesses, thereby strengthening local economies.

2011

Walmart experiments with small-format stores, opening the first Walmart Express in Arkansas.

2011

@WalmartLabs is formed to develop technology to assist Walmart in serving customers.

2011

Walmart launches the Global Women's Economic Empowerment Initiative to use the company's global scale to help empower women across its supply chain.

2011

Walmart expands its business into South Africa by acquiring 51 percent of Massmart Holdings Limited.

2011

The first Walmart on Campus is opened at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville.

The Walmart Oral History Project

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Walmart celebrates its 50th anniversary.

2012

Rosalind Brewer becomes CEO of Sam's Club. She is the first woman and the first African American to lead a Walmart business unit.

2013

In January, Walmart announces it will hire any honorably discharged veteran within his or her first 12 months off active duty beginning on Memorial Day. Walmart projects hiring over 100,000 veterans in the next five years.

Artist Brendan O’Connell gains international notoriety and media attention for his series of paintings depicting Walmart store interiors, and the brands that fill Walmart shelves. This O’Connell piece, “The Art of Retail” hangs in The Walmart Museum.

2013

Walmart acquires Bharti Walmart Private Limited, including the Best Price Modern Wholesale cash-and-carry business in India.

2013

Walmart opens its first stores in the District of Columbia.

2013

Walmart commits to buying $250 billion in goods manufactured in the United States over the next 10 years.

2014

Walmart introduces the Walmart Advanced Vehicle Experience, a state-of-the-art tractor-trailer developed in support of the company's vision for a more sustainable world.

2014

Doug McMillon succeeds Mike Duke as President and CEO of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.

By the Numbers

By the end of 2014 fiscal year, the company has a total of 10,942 stores, including 4,203 Walmarts and 632 Sam's Clubs in the United States and 6,107 international stores. The company employs 2.2 million associates worldwide. Annual sales are $473 billion.

2015

The Walmart Spark represents the spark of inspiration Sam felt when he first founded Walmart. It's that same inspiration our associates and our customers feel when we save people money so they can live better.

Walmart's Stock Performance

The first offering, on October 1, 1970, was $16.50 per share. Since then, Walmart stock has split two-for-one eleven times. That means a person who bought 100 shares for $1,650 in 1970 would, in 2015, have 204,800 shares, worth more than $17 million.

2015

Walmart U.S. launches Grocery Pickup after successful testing in several markets in the United States.

2015

In early 2015, past and current leaders posed at The Walmart Museum for a historic photo in CEO #1 Sam Walton’s office. Pictured here are, from left to right: CEO #2 David Glass, CEO #3 Lee Scott, Chairman of the Board Rob Walton, CEO #4 Mike Duke, and current CEO Doug McMillon.

2015

Doug McMillon holds Sam's name badge. Shortly after this photo was taken, Walmart showed its commitment to its people by pledging $1 billion to raise the company's starting wage.

2015

The Walmart Museum opens an interview studio and names it in honor of Ferold Arend. The studio was created to capture oral histories that tell the Walmart story.

2015

Walmart sponsors the inaugural Bentonville Film Festival, which champions women and diverse voices in media.

2015

Two and a Half Decades of Sharing the Walmart Story

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2015

The Walmart Museum launches WalmartMuseum.com with the purpose of globally sharing the Walmart heritage and the stories behind the company’s history.  

2015

Sam Walton's iconic ball cap is installed and featured in the Smithsonian's permanent "American Enterprise" exhibit at the National Museum of American History.

By the Numbers

By 2015, the company has a total of 11,453 stores, including 4,516 Walmarts and 647 Sam’s Clubs in the United States and 6,290 international stores. The company employs 2.2 million associates worldwide.

2015

Walmart enters Kenya with a Game store in Nairobi.

2015

Greg Penner succeeds Rob Walton as Chairman of the Board of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.

2015

On October 11, Walmart's first president Ferold Arend passes away. The community remembers him and his many contributions.

2015

Greenlight A Vet, a Walmart-led campaign to establish visible national support for our veterans by changing one light to green, is launched.

2016

Walmart opens its Culinary & Innovation Center in Bentonville to develop and test new and innovative products.

2016

Jim Walton retires from the Walmart Board of Directors; his son, Steuart, takes his place as the next generation Walton family member to serve on the board.

2016

Walmart Radio, originally on the air from the early 1990s until 2010, returns to Walmart stores. The DJs for the station are found after a nationwide search of store associates.

2016

Smiley returns to Walmart stores as an icon of low prices. Originally developed as a kid-friendly sticker in 1989, Smiley starred in advertising between 1996 and 2006.

2016

Walmart Pay, a fast, easy, and secure way for customers to make purchases with their smart phones, becomes a popular in-store payment method.

2016

Don Soderquist, former COO, corporate Vice Chairman, and Walmart's "Keeper of the Culture," passes away on July 21. Thousands mourn.

2016

Online retailer Jet.com becomes part of the Walmart family with the two companies joining forces to save customers even more time and money.

2016

Helen Walton: A Life Well Scattered

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2016

The original doors to Sam Walton’s first Ben Franklin franchise – the only known artifacts in existence from that store – are discovered.

2016

A Year in Review

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Delivering Savings

The History of Walmart Transportation

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Walmart's ISD is the company's computer support group. These associates design programs and make sure Walmart's systems run properly.

Little Known Sparks

What acronym does Walmart use for its Information Systems Division?

In 1990, the Walmart Museum was opened in Bentonville, Arkansas, and was originally named the "Walmart Visitors Center."

Little Known Sparks

What did Walmart open in Bentonville, Arkansas, in 1990?

The first Walmart Supercenter opened in Washington, Missouri, in 1988.

Little Known Sparks

The first Walmart Supercenter opened in which Missouri city?

Sam danced the hula when Walmart reached its goal.

Little Known Sparks

What dance did Sam do on Wall Street when Walmart reached its profit goal in 1983?

The first Sam's Club opened in Midwest City, Oklahoma, in 1983.

Little Known Sparks

In which Oklahoma town was the first Sam's Club opened?

Sam visited a tennis ball factory in Korea, where the workers did a cheer together every morning.

Little Known Sparks

Where did Sam get the idea for the Walmart cheer?

Sam opened Walton's 5&10 in Bentonville in 1950.

Little Known Sparks

In 1950, Sam opened what store in Bentonville, Arkansas?

Sam opened his first Ben Franklin store in Newport, Arkansas.

Little Known Sparks

In 1945, Sam opened his first Ben Franklin store in which Arkansas town?

In 1942, Sam and Helen were married on Valentine's Day.

Little Known Sparks

On which holiday were Sam and Helen married: Christmas, New Year's Eve, or Valentine's Day?

At 13 years old, Sam became the youngest Eagle Scout in the state's history when he received the award for saving a boy from drowning.

Little Known Sparks

How old was Sam Walton when he became an Eagle Scout: 13, 14, or 15?

In 1990, Walmart became the nation's largest retailer with annual sales of over $32 billion.

Little Known Sparks

When did Walmart become the nation’s largest retailer: ’90, ’95, or ’01?

In 1992, President George H. W. Bush honored Sam with the Medal of Freedom.

Little Known Sparks

Which U.S. president gave Sam the highest civilian honor?

In 1996, Walmart expanded into China.

Little Known Sparks

In what year did Walmart open its first store in China: ’92, ’94, or ’96?

Walmart and Sam's Club launched online stores in 1996.

Little Known Sparks

In 1996, Walmart and Sam’s Club launched which kind of stores?

Walmart opened its first Neighborhood Market in 1998.

Little Known Sparks

When did Walmart open its first Neighborhood Market: ’90, ’98, or ’06?

In 1999, Walmart became the largest private employer in the world.

Little Known Sparks

When did Walmart become the largest private employer in the world: ’99, ’01, or ’05?

Doug McMillon is Walmart's fifth and current CEO. He started with Walmart as an hourly summer associate in 1984.

Little Known Sparks

As what did Walmart employ Doug McMillon in 2014: Walmart’s CEO, CMO, or CFO?

Built in 1971, the Walmart Home Office today serves as the global corporate headquarters.

Little Known Sparks

In what year was Walmart’s Home Office built: ’69, ’70, or ’71?

In 1970, Walmart became a publicly traded company. The first stock sold at $16.50 per share.

Little Known Sparks

In what year did Walmart become a publicly traded company: ’70, ’80, or ’90?

Sam was born in 1918 in Kingfisher, Oklahoma.

Little Known Sparks

In what year was Sam Walton born: 1912, 1918, or 1924?

Items that Walmart sells are shipped from factories to DCs—Distribution Centers—in every country before being loaded onto trucks for delivery to stores.

Little Known Sparks

What does the common Walmart acronym DC refer to?

Walmart uses radio waves to track the items it sells. Radio-Frequency Identification, or RFID, sends information to associates, who use different kinds of handheld tools to read it.

Little Known Sparks

What does RFID stand for?

The Home Office, commonly referred to as HO and is Walmart's headquarters, there to support the company's stores all around the world.

Little Known Sparks

What acronym does Walmart use for its Home Office?

Every Day Low Prices. It's how Walmart prices items it sells all over the world: low prices every day, on every product.

Little Known Sparks

What does EDLP mean?

Walmart’s original logo, in Frontier font, had a tilde, but most didn’t know what a tilde was. So the tilde became the squiggly.

Little Known Sparks

During Walmart's signature cheer, why do associates say, "Give me a squiggly"? 

Ol' Roy. In 1983, Walmart created a private-label dog food named after him.

Little Known Sparks

What was the name of Sam’s favorite bird dog: Ol’ Boy, Ol’ Joy, or Ol’ Roy?

1979. And why did he drive a pickup? As Sam said, "What am I supposed to haul my dogs around in, a Rolls-Royce?"

Little Known Sparks

What is the model year of Sam’s red and white Ford F-150: ’77, ’79, or ’81?

The first Walmart opened on July 2, 1962, in Rogers, Arkansas.

Little Known Sparks

In what year was the first Walmart opened: ’60, ’61, or ’62?

1960

Bud Walton, David Glass, and Bob Bogle discuss the first two Walmarts and Sam’s innovative strategies and showmanship.

Play Video
1970

Two years after going public, Walmart was added to the New York Stock Exchange

Play Video
1974

The origins of Every Day Low Prices.

Play Video
1979

Walmart associates and the corporate offices work to help communities devastated by hurricane Katrina.

Play Video
1984

In 1984, Sam promised to “do a Hula on Wall Street” if Walmart achieved an 8 percent pretax profit. Though somewhat reluctant, he kept that promise.

Play Video
1985

Walmart's culture is rich and varied. But it's defined by the threads that tie it together—practicing servant leadership, listening to the associates, and making sure the customer is #1.

Play Video
1992

The 10 Foot Rule

Play Video
1992

Managing by Walking Around

Play Video
1950

Sam's first store, in Newport, Arkansas, was part of the Ben Franklin variety store chain.

Play Video
2016

Journey inside Walmart's Heritage Archives with the Walmart Museum Minute.

Play Video
2017

Take a trip with our transportation team in the Walmart Museum Minute.

Play Video
2017

Enjoy a look back at 2016 with this Walmart Museum Minute.

Play Video
2017

Learn more about our Oral History Project with the Walmart Museum Minute.

Play Video
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